La DUDH, c’était il y a 67 ans

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Le 10 décembre 1948, les Nations Unies adoptèrent la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme (DUDH), à Paris, au Palais de Chaillot. Des 58 États membres qui constituaient à l’époque l’Assemblée générale, 8 s’abstinrent de voter dont l’Arabie saoudite (qui conteste l’égalité homme-femme) et l’Afrique du Sud de l’apartheid (qui refuse le droit à l’égalité devant la loi).
L’adoption de la DUDH ne fut pas applaudie de tous, y compris même d’États qui avaient voté en sa faveur. Le débat opposant les droits civils et politiques aux droits socio-économiques et sociaux préfigurait déjà l’opposition par la suite devenue plus acrimonieuse entre l’Est et l’Ouest jusqu’à la fin des années 80. La portée juridique de la Déclaration fut également l’objet de discussions. Des spécialistes du droit international, dont bon nombre souscrivaient aux objectifs de la Déclaration, furent réticents à affirmer qu’elle devait lier les États, mais cherchèrent néanmoins des moyens de renforcer sa valeur juridique. Cependant, l'absence de force juridique contraignante ne saurait minimiser son exceptionnelle portée historique et politique : « la Déclaration de 1948 peut être considérée comme l'une des sources d'inspiration d'un grand nombre de règles juridiques internationales, mais aussi nationales. »

Voir :
Le texte de la Déclaration : http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/ABCannexesfr.pdf

« D’où vient la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme? » In : EIP (1998) « Éduquer aux droits humains » portail-eip.org/Fr/Publications/Divers/Dossier_peda/Pedago.pdf

« Histoire de la rédaction de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme »
http://www.un.org/fr/documents/udhr/history.shtml

« René Cassin et la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme »
http://www.reseau-canope.fr/pour-memoire/rene-cassin-et-la-declaration-universelle-des-droits-de-lhomme/presentation/

Wikipedia. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A9claration_universelle_des_droits_de_l%27homme
Universalis. http://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/declaration-universelle-des-droits-de-l-homme/

Film documentaire sur la DUDH et activités pédagogiques : https://isabblas.wordpress.com/category/b-declaration-universelle-des-droits-de-lhomme-onu/

Illustration : www.humanrights.com/fr/what-are-human-rights/universal-declaration-of-human-rights.html